Single-cell profiling identifies distinct hormonal, immunologic, and inflammatory signatures of endometriosis-constituting cells, 2023, Shin et al.

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  1. SNT Gatchaman

    SNT Gatchaman Senior Member (Voting Rights)

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    Single-cell profiling identifies distinct hormonal, immunologic, and inflammatory signatures of endometriosis-constituting cells
    Sun Shin; Youn-Jee Chung; Seong Won Moon; Eun Ji Choi; Mee-Ran Kim; Yeun-Jun Chung; Sug Hyung Lee

    Endometriosis consists of ectopic endometrial epithelial cells (EEECs) and ectopic endometrial stromal cells (EESCs) mixed with heterogeneous stromal cells.

    To address how endometriosis-constituting cells are different from normal endometrium and among endometriosis subtypes and how their molecular signatures are related to phenotypic manifestations, we analyzed ovarian endometrial cyst (OEC), superficial peritoneal endometriosis (SPE), and deep infiltrating endometriosis (DIE) from 12 patients using single-cell RNA-sequencing (scRNA-seq).

    We identified 11 cell clusters, including EEEC, EESC, fibroblasts, inflammatory/immune, endothelial, mesothelial, and Schwann cells. For hormonal signatures, EESCs, but not EEECs, showed high estrogen signatures (estrogen response scores and HOXA downregulation) and low progesterone signatures (DKK1 downregulation) compared to normal endometrium. In EEECs, we found MUC5B + TFF3 low cells enriched in endometriosis. In lymphoid cells, evidence for both immune activation (high cytotoxicity in NK) and exhaustion (high checkpoint genes in NKT and cytotoxic T) was identified in endometriosis.

    Signatures and subpopulations of macrophages were remarkably different among endometriosis subtypes with increased monocyte-derived macrophages and IL1B expression in DIE. The scRNA-seq predicted NRG1 (macrophage)-ERBB3 (Schwann cell) interaction in endometriosis, expressions of which were validated by immunohistochemistry. Myofibroblast subpopulations differed according to the location (OECs from fibroblasts and SPE/DIEs from mesothelial cells and fibroblasts). Endometriosis endothelial cells displayed proinflammation, angiogenesis, and leaky permeability signatures that were enhanced in DIE.

    Collectively, our study revealed that (1) many cell typesendometrial, lymphoid, macrophage, fibroblast, and endothelial cells—are altered in endometriosis; (2) endometriosis cells show estrogen responsiveness, immunologic cytotoxicity and exhaustion, and proinflammation signatures that are different in endometriosis subtypes; and (3) novel endometriosis-specific findings of MUC5B + EEECs, mesothelial cell-derived myofibroblasts, and NRG1-ERBB3 interaction may underlie the pathogenesis of endometriosis. Our results may help extend pathologic insights, dissect aggressive diseases, and discover therapeutic targets in endometriosis.

    Link | Paywall (The Journal of Pathology)
     
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  2. SNT Gatchaman

    SNT Gatchaman Senior Member (Voting Rights)

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