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Sex differences in the vascular response to sympathetic activation during acute hypoxaemia, 2021, Jacob et al

Discussion in 'Other health news and research' started by SNT Gatchaman, Nov 6, 2022.

  1. SNT Gatchaman

    SNT Gatchaman Senior Member (Voting Rights)

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    Sex differences in the vascular response to sympathetic activation during acute hypoxaemia
    Jacob DW, Harper JL, Ivie CL, Ott EP, Limberg JK

    Activation of the sympathetic nervous system causes vasoconstriction and a reduction in peripheral blood flow. Sympathetically mediated vasoconstriction may be attenuated during systemic hypoxia to maintain oxygen delivery; however, in predominantly male participants sympathetically mediated vasoconstriction is preserved or even enhanced during hypoxaemia. Given the potential for sex-specific differences in hypoxic vascular control, prior results are limited in application.

    We tested the hypothesis that young women attenuate sympathetically mediated vasoconstriction during steady-state hypoxaemia, whereas men do not. Healthy young men (n = 13, 25 ± 4 years) and women (n = 11, 24 ± 4 years) completed two trials consisting of a 2-min cold pressor test (CPT, a well-established sympathoexcitatory stimulus) during baseline normoxia and steady-state hypoxaemia. Beat-to-beat blood pressure (finger photoplethysmography) and forearm blood flow (venous occlusion plethysmography) were measured continuously. Total and forearm vascular conductance (TVC and FVC, respectfully) were calculated. A change (Δ) in TVC and FVC from steady-state during the last 1 min of CPT was calculated and differences between normoxia and systemic hypoxia were assessed.

    In men, the reduction in TVC during CPT was greater during hypoxia compared to normoxia (ΔTVC, P = 0.02), whereas ΔTVC did not differ between conditions in women (P = 0.49). In men, ΔFVC did not differ between normoxia and hypoxia (P = 0.92). In women, the reduction in FVC during CPT was attenuated during hypoxia (ΔFVC, P < 0.01). We confirm sympathetically mediated vasoconstriction is preserved or enhanced during hypoxaemia in young men, whereas peripheral vascular responsiveness to sympathetic activation during hypoxaemia is attenuated in young women. The results advance our understanding of sex-related differences in hypoxic vascular control.

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    Last edited: Nov 6, 2022
  2. SNT Gatchaman

    SNT Gatchaman Senior Member (Voting Rights)

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    Posting in relation to potential pathomechanisms in POTS being female-predominant.

     

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