Review Cellular and Molecular Effects of Microgravity on the Immune System: A Focus on Bioactive Lipids, 2024, Fava et al.

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  1. SNT Gatchaman

    SNT Gatchaman Senior Member (Voting Rights)

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    Cellular and Molecular Effects of Microgravity on the Immune System: A Focus on Bioactive Lipids
    Fava, Marina; De Dominicis, Noemi; Forte, Giulia; Bari, Monica; Leuti, Alessandro; Maccarrone, Mauro

    Microgravity is one of the main stressors that astronauts are exposed to during space missions. This condition has been linked to many disorders, including those that feature dysfunctional immune homeostasis and inflammatory damage. Over the past 30 years, a significant body of work has been gathered connecting weightlessness—either authentic or simulated—to an inefficient reaction to pathogens, dysfunctional production of cytokines and impaired survival of immune cells.

    These processes are also orchestrated by a plethora of bioactive lipids, produced by virtually all cells involved in immune events, which control the induction, magnitude, outcome, compartmentalization and trafficking of immunocytes during the response to injury. Despite their crucial importance in inflammation and its modulation, however, data concerning the role of bioactive lipids in microgravity-induced immune dysfunctions are surprisingly scarce, both in quantity and in variety, and the vast majority of it focuses on two lipid classes, namely eicosanoids and endocannabinoids.

    The present review aims to outline the accumulated knowledge addressing the effects elicited by microgravity—both simulated and authentic—on the metabolism and signaling of these two prominent lipid groups in the context of immune and inflammatory homeostasis.

    Link | PDF (Biomolecules) [Open Access]
     
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