Alterations in DNA Methylation Status Associated with Gulf War Illness (2019) Trivedi et al

Discussion in ''Conditions related to ME/CFS' news and research' started by Milo, Mar 30, 2019.

  1. Milo

    Milo Senior Member (Voting Rights)

    Alterations in DNA Methylation Status Associated with Gulf War Illness

    This is Dr Klimas’ group- paywalled.


    Gulf War Illness (GWI) affects about 25% of Persian Gulf veterans with a cluster of chronic symptoms, including immune dysfunction and neurological issues.

    Recent studies implicate gene expression changes in immune function to be associated with GWI.

    Since DNA methylation can regulate such changes in gene expression, and disruption of DNA methylation pattern is implicated in various immune and neurological diseases, we aimed to study the DNA methylation patterns in peripheral blood mononuclear cells from GWI patients. Global DNA methylation levels were similar in GWI patients and controls.

    However, the genome-wide microarray technology detected 10,767 differentially methylated CpG sites across gene regulatory elements and within coding regions.

    Approximately 88% of them were hypermethylated in GWI patients.

    The separate analysis found 776 differentially methylated gene promoters (DMP), which were predominantly hypermethylated.

    Pyrosequencing validation confirmed microarray results.

    Functional analysis revealed that majority of the DMPs belonged to genes responsible for metabolism and immune system.

    This is the first pilot human study characterizing genome-wide epigenetic changes associated with GWI.

    It suggests a significant contribution of epigenetic dysfunction in GWI.

    Moreover, it supports the dysregulation of immune function in GWI.

    Lastly, it suggests studies with the larger cohort to validate our findings
  2. Sly Saint

    Sly Saint Senior Member (Voting Rights)


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