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Validation of the Hungarian PHQ-15. A latent variable approach, 2021, Stauder et al

Discussion in 'Health News and Research unrelated to ME/CFS' started by Andy, Jun 10, 2021.

  1. Andy

    Andy Committee Member (& Outreach when energy allows)

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    Somatic symptoms without a clear-cut organic or biomedical background, also called “medically unexplained” or “somatoform” symptoms, are frequent in primary and secondary health care. They are often accompanied by depression and/or anxiety, and cause functional impairment. The Patient Health Questionnaire Somatic Symptom Scale (PHQ-15) was developed to measure somatic symptom distress based on the frequency and bothersomeness of non-specific somatic symptoms.

    The study aimed to (1) evaluate the Hungarian version of the PHQ-15 from a psychometric point of view; (2) replicate the bifactor structure and associations with negative affect described in the literature; and (3) provide the Hungarian clinical and scientific community with reference (normal) values split by sex and age groups. PHQ-15, depression (BDI-R), and subjective well-being (WHO-5) scores obtained from a large (n = 5020) and close to representative community sample (Hungarostudy 2006) were subjected to correlation analysis and linear structural equation modeling. The PHQ-15 showed good internal consistency (Cronbach’s α = 0.810; McDonald’s ω = 0.819) and moderate to strong correlation with the BDI-R (rs = .49, p < 0.001) and WHO-5 (rs = -.48, p < 0.001). Fit of the bifactor structure was excellent; in independent analyses, the general factor was strongly associated with depression (β = 0.656±0.017, p < 0.001) and well-being (β = -0.575±0.015, p < 0.001), whereas the symptom specific factors were only weakly or not related to these constructs. The PHQ-15 score was higher in females and showed a weak positive association with age.

    The Hungarian PHQ-15 is a psychometrically sound scale which is positively associated with depression and negatively related to subjective well-being. The bifactor structure indicates the existence and meaningfulness of a general factor representing the affective-motivational component of somatic symptom distress. The Hungarian version of the PHQ-15 is a brief and usable tool for the pre-screening of somatization disorder (DSM-IV) or somatic symptom disorder (DSM-5). The reported reference values can be used in the future for both clinical and research purposes.

    Paywall, https://elitmed.hu/en/publications/...e-hungarian-phq-15-a-latent-variable-approach
     
    Kitty, Snowdrop, Wyva and 1 other person like this.
  2. rvallee

    rvallee Senior Member (Voting Rights)

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    Study validates that categories made-up for a purpose are, indeed, made-up for that purpose.

    That's like using a thermometer to calibrate itself. Obviously every measurement will be consistent with itself. Except, of course, a thermometer actually measures real things, unlike this mish-mash of weird tropes that may as well be horoscopes or Meyers-Brigg for all that it matters.
     

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