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Migraine in the context of chronic primary pain, chronic overlapping pain disorders, and functional somatic disorders 2022 Henningsen et al

Discussion in 'Other psychosomatic news and research' started by Andy, Nov 15, 2022.

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  1. Andy

    Andy Committee Member

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    Abstract

    Objective

    To contextualize migraine as the most common primary headache disorder in relation to other chronic primary pain and non-pain functional somatic and mental conditions.

    Background
    Migraine is increasingly understood as a sensory processing disorder within a broader spectrum of symptom disorders. This has implications for diagnosis and treatment.

    Method
    Narrative review based on a search of the literature of the last 15 years on the overlap of migraine with other symptom disorders.

    Results
    Migraine as the prototypical primary headache disorder not only comprises many non-headache symptoms in itself, it also shows high comorbidity with other chronic pain and non-pain conditions (e.g., fibromyalgia syndrome, irritable bowel syndrome, functional non-epileptic seizures, depression, anxiety, and posttraumatic stress disorder). Such “symptom disorders” share several etiological factors (e.g., female preponderance, psychological vulnerability) and psychophysiological mechanisms (e.g., altered sensory processing, pain expectancy). These facts are acknowledged by several recent integrative conceptualizations such as chronic primary pain, chronic overlapping pain conditions, or functional somatic disorders. Accordingly, migraine management increasingly addresses the total symptom burden and individual contributors to symptom experience, and thus incorporates centrally acting pharmacological and non-pharmacological, that is, psychological and behavioral, treatment approaches.

    Conclusions
    Migraine and also other primary headache disorders should be seen as particular phenotypes within a broader spectrum of symptom perception and processing disorders that require integrative diagnostics and treatment. A harmonization of classifications and better interdisciplinary collaboration are desirable.

    Paywall, https://headachejournal.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/head.14419
     
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