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Incident autoimmune diseases in association with a SARS-CoV-2 infection: A matched cohort study, 2023, Tesch et al

Discussion in 'Long Covid research' started by CRG, Apr 30, 2023.

  1. CRG

    CRG Senior Member (Voting Rights)


    Incident autoimmune diseases in association with a SARS-CoV-2 infection: A matched cohort study

    Falko Tesch, Franz Ehm, Annika Vivirito, Danny Wende, Manuel Batram, Friedrich Loser, Simone Menzer, Josephine Jacob, Martin Roessler, Martin Seifert, Barbara Kind, Christina König, Claudia Schulte, Tilo Buschmann, Dagmar Hertle, Pedro Ballesteros, Stefan Baßler, Barbara Bertele, Thomas Bitterer, Cordula Riederer, Franziska Sobik, Lukas Reitzle, Christa Scheidt-Nave, Jochen Schmitt


    To investigate whether the risk of developing an incident autoimmune disease is increased in patients with previous COVID-19 disease compared to people without COVID-19.

    Method A cohort was selected from German routine health care data covering 38.9 million individuals. Based on documented diagnoses, we identified individuals with polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-confirmed COVID-19 through December 31, 2020. Patients were matched 1:3 to control patients without COVID-19. Both groups were followed up until June 30, 2021. We used the four quarters preceding the index date until the end of follow-up to analyze the onset of autoimmune diseases during the post-acute period. Incidence rates (IR) per 1000 person-years were calculated for each outcome and patient group. Poisson models were deployed to estimate the incidence rate ratios (IRRs) of developing an autoimmune disease conditional on a preceding diagnosis of COVID-19.

    Results In total, 641,704 patients with COVID-19 were included. Comparing the incidence rates in the COVID-19 (IR=15.05, 95% CI: 14.69-15.42) and matched control groups (IR=10.55, 95% CI: 10.25-10.86), we found a 42.63% higher likelihood of acquiring autoimmunity for patients who had suffered from COVID-19. This estimate was similar for common autoimmune diseases, such as Hashimoto thyroiditis, rheumatoid arthritis, or Sjögren syndrome. The highest IRR was observed for autoimmune disease of the vasculitis group. Patients with a more severe course of COVID-19 were at a greater risk for incident autoimmune diseases.

    Conclusions SARS-CoV-2 infection is associated with an increased risk of developing new-onset autoimmune diseases after the acute phase of infection.
  2. SNT Gatchaman

    SNT Gatchaman Senior Member (Voting Rights)

    Aotearoa New Zealand

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