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Assessment of Functional Mobility After COVID-19 in Adults Aged 50 Years or Older in the Canadian Longitudinal Study on Aging, 2021, Beauchamp et al

Discussion in 'Epidemics (including Covid-19)' started by Wyva, Jan 14, 2022.

  1. Wyva

    Wyva Senior Member (Voting Rights)

    Messages:
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    Location:
    Hungary
    Key Points

    Question What is the association of a COVID-19 diagnosis and mobility and physical function among community-living middle-aged and older Canadians during the initial pandemic lockdown in 2020?

    Findings This cohort study of 24 114 participants found that community-living middle-aged and older adults with confirmed, probable, or suspected COVID-19 had nearly 2-fold higher odds of worsening mobility and physical function compared with adults without COVID-19, although most participants with COVID-19 had mild to moderate disease and were not hospitalized.

    Meaning These findings suggest that individuals with mild and moderate COVID-19 who were predominantly not hospitalized experienced deficits in functional mobility compared with those without COVID-19.

    --

    Abstract

    Importance The association of COVID-19 not requiring hospitalization with functional mobility in community-dwelling adults above and beyond the impact of the pandemic control measures implemented in 2020 remains to be elucidated.

    Objective To evaluate the association between a COVID-19 diagnosis and change in mobility and physical function of adults in Canada aged 50 years or older during the initial pandemic lockdown.

    Design, Setting, and Participants This population-based cohort study used data from the Canadian Longitudinal Study on Aging (CLSA) COVID-19 study. This study was launched on April 15, 2020, and the exit questionnaires were completed between September and December 2020. Prepandemic data from the first CLSA follow-up (2015-2018) were also used. Respondents included middle-aged and older community-dwelling participants residing in Canadian provinces. Data were analyzed from February to May 2021.

    Exposures The assessment for self-reported COVID-19 status was adapted from the Public Health Agency of Canada and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention case definition available at the time of data collection; cases were classified as confirmed or probable, suspected, or non–COVID-19.

    Main Outcomes and Measures Changes in mobility since the start of the COVID-19 pandemic were assessed using global rating of change in mobility scales at the COVID-19 exit questionnaire. Participant-reported new onset of difficulty in 3 physical function tasks was also examined.

    Results Among 51 338 participants at baseline, 21 491 participants (41.9%) were 65 years or older and 26 155 participants (51.0%) were women and 25 183 (49.1%) were men. Of 2748 individuals with confirmed or probable or suspected COVID-19, 113 (94.2%) were not hospitalized. Individuals with confirmed or probable COVID-19 had higher odds of worsening mobility in terms of ability to engage in household activity (odds ratio [OR], 1.89; 95% CI, 1.11-3.22), physical activity (OR, 1.91; 95% CI, 1.32-2.76), and standing up after sitting in a chair (OR, 2.33; 95% CI, 1.06-5.11) compared with adults without COVID-19 during the same pandemic time period. Similar results were found for suspected COVID-19 status (eg, household activity: OR, 2.09; 95% CI, 1.82-2.41).

    Conclusions and Relevance This cohort study among older adults in Canada found that receiving a COVID-19 diagnosis was significantly associated with worse mobility and functioning outcomes even in the absence of hospitalization. These findings suggest that interventions may be needed for individuals with mild to moderate COVID-19 who do not require hospitalization.

    Open access: https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jamanetworkopen/fullarticle/2787975
     
  2. Trish

    Trish Moderator Staff Member

    Messages:
    38,151
    Location:
    UK
    What does 'community dwelling' mean?
     
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  3. Andy

    Andy Committee Member (& Outreach when energy allows)

    Messages:
    15,175
    Location:
    Hampshire, UK
    Not in a retirement, or similar, home?
     
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  4. Trish

    Trish Moderator Staff Member

    Messages:
    38,151
    Location:
    UK
    It's confusing because there are also retirement communities.
     
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  5. Arnie Pye

    Arnie Pye Senior Member (Voting Rights)

    Messages:
    4,571
    Location:
    UK
    [Tongue in cheek] I wondered if "Functional" (in the title) was being used in the way that the general population uses the word or how doctors use the word in "FND", but I couldn't make the FND usage make sense in any way at all. So it suggests that it is being used in the "normal" way.
     
  6. Milo

    Milo Senior Member (Voting Rights)

    Messages:
    1,687
    In this case it means people living in their homes as opposed to assisted living. This cohort from the Canadian Longitudinal Study on Aging is sampled by researchers of all kinds to study aging. It was a questionnaire type of study.

     
    Last edited: Jan 15, 2022 at 2:29 AM
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