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Acronyms and abbreviations

Discussion in 'Science library (Read only)' started by Cheshire, Oct 30, 2017.

  1. Cheshire

    Cheshire Moderator Staff Member

    English language

    AFAIK - As far as I know
    AFAIR - As far as I remember
    ASAP - As soon as possible
    ATM - At the moment
    BTW – By the way
    ETA - Edited to add
    FFS - For f*'s sake
    FTFY - Fixed that for you
    FWIW - For what it's worth
    FYI - For your information
    GBP - British pound
    IANAL - I am not a lawyer
    ICYMI - In case you missed it
    IIRC - If I Recall Correctly
    IMO – In my opinion (IMHO - In my humble opinion)
    IANAD - I am not a doctor
    LMAO - Laughing my arse (ass) off
    LOL - Laughing out loud
    MIA - Missing in action (someone not seen recently)
    OMG – Oh my God
    OP - Original poster
    OTOH - On the other hand
    PR - Public relations
    Re: - Regarding
    RL - Real life (off forum)
    ROFL - Rolls on floor laughing
    TBH – To be honest
    TIA - Thanks in advance
    TLDR - Too long, didn't read
    TMI - Too much information
    TY - Thank you
    UKP - UK pound
    USD -US dollar
    WTF - What the f*

    Medical terms (scientific)

    AA - Amino Acid
    ADP - Adenosine diphosphate
    AMP - Adenosine monophosphate
    ANN - Artificial Neural Network
    ATP - Adenosine triphosphate
    BCAA - Branched Chain Amino Acid
    CMV - Cytomegalovirus
    CNS - Central Nervous System
    CPET - Cardio-Pulmonary Exercise Test
    Cpn - Chlamydia Pneumoniae
    CRP - C-Reactive Protein
    CSF - Cerebrospinal Fluid

    CT - Computerised tomography (scan)
    EBV - Epstein-Barr Virus
    EEG - Ectroencephalography
    EFA - Essential Fatty Acids
    EMG - Electromyography
    ERV - Endogenous retrovirus
    ESR - Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate
    GC - Gas Chromatography
    GcMAF - Gc Macrophage Activating Factor
    H2S- Hydrogen Sulfide
    HAART - Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy
    HCT - Hematocrit
    HERX - herxheimer reaction
    HERV - Human endogenous retrovirus
    HHV-6 - Human Herpes Virus 6
    HIV - Human immunodeficiency virus
    HPA - Hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal
    HRV - Heart Rate Variability
    HR - Heart Rate
    IDDM - Insulin dependent diabetes mellitus = diabetes type 1
    IgG - Immunoglobulin G
    IVig - Intravenous Immunoglobulin therapy
    IGM - Immunoglobulin M
    LDH - Lactate dehydrogenase
    LDN - Low Dose Naltrexone
    miRNA - MicroRNA
    MRI - Magnetic resonance imaging (scan)
    MSM - methylsulfonylmethane
    MVA - multivariate data analysis
    NIDDM - Non insulin dependent diabetes mellitus = diabetes type 2
    NKC - Natural Killer Cells
    NO - Nitric Oxide
    NT - Neural Therapy
    PCR - Polymerase Chain Reaction
    PDH - Pyruvate dehydrogenase
    PDHK - Pyruvatedehydrogenase kinase
    PEM - Post-exertional Malaise
    PET scan - Positron emission tomography
    RAL - Raltegravir
    RBC - Red blood cell
    SIBO - Small Intestinal Bacterial Overgrowth
    SNP - Single Nucleotide Polymorphism
    START - Stress Test Activated Reversible Tachycardia
    Th17 - T helper 17 (Th17) cells
    XAND - x-associated neuro-immune disease
    XMRV - xenotropic murine leukemia virus-related virus

    Medical terms (diagnosis and health care system)

    AIDS - Acquired immune deficiency syndrome
    EI - Environmental Illness
    CAM - Complementary and Alternative Medicine
    CCC - Canadian Consensus Criteria.
    CCD - Canadian Consensus Definition or Document
    CFIDS - Chronic Fatigue and Immune Dysfunction Syndrome
    CFS - Chronic Fatigue Syndrome
    EDS - Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome
    ER - Emergency Room
    FM - Fibromyalgia
    GF - Glandular fever
    GP - General Practitioner
    GWI - Gulf War Illness
    IBS - Irritable bowel syndrome
    IBS(C) - IBS with Constipation
    IBS(D) - IBS with Diarrhoea
    ICC - International Consensus Criteria
    JHS - joint hypermobility syndrome
    MCAS - Mast Cell Activation Syndrome
    MCS - Multi-Chemical Sensitivity
    ME - Myalgic Encephalomyelitis
    MS - Multiple Sclerosis
    NMH - neurally mediated hypotension
    NP - Nurse Practitioner
    OI - Orthostatic Intolerance
    OT - Occupational therapist
    PCP - Primary Care Physician
    POTS - Postural Orthostatic Tachycardia Syndrome
    PVFS -- Post Viral Fatigue Syndrome
    RA - Rheumatoid Arthritis
    SEID - Systemic Exertion Intolerance Disease
    RLS - Restless Leg Syndrome

    Psychiatric terms

    ACT - Acceptance and Commitment Therapy
    APT - Adaptative Pacing Therapy
    BDD - Bodily distress disorder
    BPS - Biopsychosocial
    CBT - Cognitive Behavioral Therapy
    DSM - Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders
    FD - Functional disorder
    FND - Functional Neurological Disorder
    GET - Graded Exercise Therapy
    LP - Lightning Process
    MDD - Major Depressive Disorder
    MUS - medically unexplained symptoms
    MUPS - medically unexplained physical symptoms
    NLP - Neuro-linguistic programming
    OCD - Obsessive Compulsive Disorder
    PTSD - Post Traumatic Stress Disorder
    SSRI - Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitor (class of antidepressants)

    Research and trials

    CFA - Confirmatory factor analysis
    EFA - Exploratory factor analysis
    GWAS - Genome-wide association study
    LTFU - Long term follow-up
    MCID - Minimal important clinical differences
    PI - Principal investigator(s)
    RCT - Randomised controlled trial
    TMG - Trial management committee
    TSG - Trial steering committee

    Institutions, charitie and ME organisations

    AfME - Action for ME (UK charity)
    BACME - British Association for CFS/ME
    BPS - British Psychological Society
    CDC - Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (USA)
    CFSAC - Chronic Fatigue Syndrome Advisory Committee (USA)
    CMRC - CFS/M.E. Research Collaborative (UK)
    DWP - Department of Work and Pensions (UK Government Department)
    EMA - European Medicines Agency
    EMEC - European ME Coalition
    ESA - Employment and Support Allowance (UK Social Securiy)
    FDA - Food and Drug Administration (USA)
    FOI - Freedom Of Information
    HRA - Health Research Authority (NHS/UK)
    IAPT - Improving access to psychological therapies (UK government initiative)
    ICO - Information Commissioner.s office (UK Data Protection and Freedom Of Information)
    ICD - International Classification of Diseases (WHO)
    IOM - Institute Of Medicine (USA) (now NAM)
    MEA - ME Association (UK charity)
    MRC - Medical Research Council (UK)
    NAM - National Academy of Medicine (USA - formerly IOM)
    NHS - National Health Service (UK)
    NICE -National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (UK)
    NIH - National Institute of Health (USA)
    NINDS - National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (USA)
    OMI - Open Medicine Institute (USA)
    OMF - Open Medicine Foundation (USA)
    PACE trial - Pacing, graded Activity, and Cognitive behaviour therapy; a randomised Evaluation
    PIP - Personal Independence Payment (UK Social Security)
    PR - Phoenix Rising
    QMUL – Queen Mary University of London
    RSM - Royal Society of Medicine (UK)
    S4ME - Science for ME
    SSDI - Social Security Disability Insurance (US)
    SMC - Science Media Center
    SMCI - Solve ME/CFS Initiative (formerly CAA - CFIDS Association of America)
    WHO - World Health Organization
    WPI - Whittemore Peterson Institute (USA)


    PwME - People with ME
    TATT - Tired all the Time

    Time zones
    UT - Universal time, used as internet time, broadly equivalent to GMT
    GMT - Greenwich mean time (UK)
    BST - British summer time (UK daylight saving)

    CMY/K - Cyan magental yellow/black
    CSS - Cascading style sheets (used with HTML)
    gTLD - Geographic TLD e.g. .uk, .us, .nl
    HTML - Hyper text mark-up language (code for web pages)
    RGB - Red green blue
    TLD - Top level domain e.g. .com, .org
    Last edited: Aug 18, 2020
    Hutan, Sarah94, Wits_End and 22 others like this.

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